legal description of land
The location of known controlling monuments in the area of the description. Different types of legal descriptions. A legal description identifies a unique piece of land with only one location o Preamble (describing the use or intent with a general location) o Body (describing the finite location of the land or right) o Basis of Bearing (explicitly states what was used to establish the courses) o Basis of Bearing (not explicitly writing it) within the description Figure 1.  If the property is part of the subdivision, the description will name the subdivision and list the lot number. A land survey would be described as a: Legal description of the land. Sections of land are divided into quarters or smaller tracts as shown. In order to map these lots in Surety, another document -usually another map- is needed. The legal description (and in some cases, the municipal plat maps it references) allow us to determine the size, shape, boundaries, and location of a parcel. Figure 2. 3. The gold standard in drafting a contract is to use a complete legal description of the property to be conveyed matching some or all of the property owned by the seller. To create and record a correction deed, the preparer should obtain a copy of the current deed, and take the following steps: Step 1. Land is broken down into areas called townships. Please refer to the LDS Full Landonline Data Dictionary and Models for detailed . Therefore, the real estate legal definition is usually found in property deeds after the phrase "that certain piece or parcel of land described as followed.". For example, each township is six square miles, or 23,040 acres, and contains 36 square sections, which are each intended to be one square mile (or 640 acres). The legal description of land, or a parcel of land, is the exact location of the parcel of land according to an established system. That concept works with legal descriptions in towns and villages . There are two main types of legal descriptions of property. LEGAL DESCRIPTION OF PROPERTY. If it is part of an attachment or appendix to the deed, the description will be mentioned in the deed followed by a note on where to find it . Starting from that recognizable feature or point of beginning , the description maps the property's layout by a line that comes back around to the starting place. Land situated in the City of Detroit in the County of Wayne in the State of Michigan. Find Land on County Records. The actual "land description" defines the 1The policies and procedures for publication in the FEDERAL REGISTER are established by the Administrative Committee of the Federal Register. This can be taken from the deed into the seller, a prior survey . In some cases, this legal description can be stated very simply: "Lot 4, Block 8, Mineral Heights, City of Midland, Midland County, Texas.". The 1st legal subdivision in the diagram below has been divided into quarters. Examine the plat map. Start Your Lease Agreement Answer some questions. It usually appears on the second or third page of the deed, and may be indented.
4. Sign up for our upcoming webinar on land surveys to learn more! The legal description of a property is a crucial document when transferring ownership of a home. A legal description is a grouping of parcels which is used to determine the textual legal description of a title, or a group of parcels in an easement. The description must be complete enough that a parcel of land can be located and identified based on what is written. (hand-drawn or otherwise) 3. A survey would reveal all of the following about a property EXCEPT: a. license. 6. A legal description, also known as a property description, describes a tract of land. Senior rights of adjoiners. n. real property, real estate (and all that grows thereon), and the right to minerals underneath and the airspace over it. 2413, Page 327, Deed Records of Travis County, Texas. Figure 4. It is sometimes referred to as the "rectangular survey system.".
The rectangular survey system section contains: a. Understanding Legal Descriptions for Land By LandCentral August 31, 2013 The primary purpose of a legal description is to describe a particular parcel of land in a way that uniquely describes only that property, without ambiguity (being vague). . A legal description/land description is the method of locating or describing land in relation to the public land survey system, which was established by law in 1785, under the Articles of Confederation. The Public Land Survey System (PLSS) is the system used in Iowa to identify the location of specific tracts of land for legal and other purposes. As the size and shape of land changes over time and parcels are subdivided, consolidated, This description provides information that a surveyor can use to identify an area of land on the ground. d. 640 acres. This is why legal descriptions are required on every deed, and why land surveyors need this information in order to do their job. Obtain a copy of the county plat map at the county clerk and recorder's office in the county where the land is located. The legal land description is a main key in today's LAND System, as well as other agencies' land based systems, for the identification of a particular piece of property. Legal descriptions uniquely describe only the subject area, without ambiguity and can describe land, easements, improvements or key locations. Describing Land. A metes and bounds describes the boundaries of a property using a system that relies on physical features of the land and geography, such as roads, water features, and prominent landmarks and buildings. b. a parcel of land is 1/8 mile by 1/8 mile is 40 acres. Sample Legal Property Descriptions Sample 1: . A legal description is a detailed way of describing a parcel of land for documents such as deeds and mortgages that will be accepted in a court of law. Land is broken down into areas called townships. Legal Description of Land: Metes & Bounds, Plat Map, Rectangular Survey Real Estate Fundamentals: July 13, 14, 27, 28 Location: 3036 West 12th Street Erie, PA 16505 Time: 9:00 - 4:30 $178 Register: 1-814-453-4274 Alan Kells School of Real Estate Erie, PA Real Estate Classes: Legal Description of Land A legal description is the method used to describe a particular parcel of land. It is not always necessary to provide a .
Each document is prepared under the . For rural locations you will start by locating the township/range coordinate, then the section, and finally the tract you begin with the largest body of land, and keep narrowing it down to the smallest. (2) The governing body or petitioners shall consult with a professional land surveyor, as defined in 37-67-101, to prepare a legal description of the boundaries for the proposed special district.
The rectangular survey system section contains. Legal description provides accuracy and consistency over time. It is also used to identify a property's boundaries and how much land it occupies.
"LY" descriptions 6. Real property of course is land and anything built on it - as opposed to personal property like furniture, equipment, cars and practically everything else. Legal descriptions can be written in several ways, including: Recorded lot in a . Truly remote land may require purchasing one or more plat maps from the Bureau of Land Management office of the state where the land is located. All legal land descriptions in Oklahoma include Indian or Cimarron meridian. (60) acres of land, more or less, together with the residence, garage, barns and garden used by J. H. Kurth, Jr. for the past ten (10) years, and also the garage building now being used as a pipe storage room, but 12 acres of land, more or less, out of the Santiago Del Valle Grant in Travis County, Texas and being the same land described in that deed of record in Vol. It employs a grid system based on township, range and section numbers. The Legal Description System 1. Land is broken down into areas called townships. If the legal description of property is part of the deed, search for language similar to, "Legal description follows.". land in such terms as N (north one-half), SE (south east one-fourth or quarter), etc. Grid Atlas (formerly LSD Finder) lets you map, convert and share LSDs (legal subdivision) addresses for Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba, NTS BC grid coordinates, Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM), and street addresses. This document can help homeowners settle property disputes and close property sales. a. a section is 640 acres. Junior / Senior rights are based upon this principle Gaps - Overlaps It is the written word that conveys the location of a piece of property. A legal description/land description is the method of locating or describing land in relation to the public land survey system, which was established by law in 1785, under the Articles of Confederation. Execute the correction deed. The "legal description" also defines the use, purpose, encumbrances, and/or time frame (4- dimensional) of the tract(s) being described. The science of measurements and calculations to prove the correctness of measurements. For a simplified version of data contained within this table see our property ownership and boundary data. The legal description pinpoints the location of a given property within its particular township, range, and section. Most land in the United States was subject to the Public Land Survey System (PPLS) begun in 1787.
It may include improvements like buildings, but not necessarily. Security of legal title to land is the fundamental object of the cadastral surveyor's work. Grid Atlas (formerly LSD Finder) lets you map, convert and share LSDs (legal subdivision) addresses for Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba, NTS BC grid coordinates, Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM), and street addresses. Call for another document 5. A PARCEL OF LAND LOCATED IN THE STATE OF CA, COUNTY OF LOS ANGELES, WITH A SITUS ADDRESS OF 915 REAL ESTATE ST, LOS ANGELES . There are generally two types of legal descriptions: (1) subdivision description or (2) metes and bounds. Historical Context for Legal Descriptions. Obtain your correction deed form. In Georgia, they describe land identifying the county, district, and land lot, followed by a metes and bounds description of the property or referencing a visual depiction of the property in a plat of survey. Here's an example of a PLSS legal description: N 1/2 SE 1/4, SW 1/4, S24, T32N, R18E Persons preparing land descriptions must be knowledgeable of the requirements for the various The legal description of land follows a set sequence of quarter section, township, range, and meridian: the designation NW 27-9-25 W2, for instance, means the Northwest Quarter of Section 27 in Township 9 Range 25 West of the Second Meridian. A property description is valid if it furnishes within itself, or by referencing another existing writing, a way to identify the land being conveyed with reasonable certainty. What is a Legal Description?
Metes and Bounds 3. A legal description of real property will be able to identify, describe, and locate property that is being transferred or rented to another party. 36 townships b. Iowa Farmland Legal Descriptions. The method of describing land by degrees, feet and monuments is known as the: metes & bounds . The owner of the land may give a long-term (like 99 years) lease to another with the right to build on it. land description established by an original cadastral survey. A free conversion service developed and hosted by Grid Atlas. as shown in figures 2, 3, 4 and 5. Writing a Legal Description of Property A legal description by a real estate lawyer is usually recommended. A legal description of real property is a way to accurately pinpoint where a particular piece of property is located. A mailing or street address does identify the location of a building, but streets can change names, land can be divided, and sometimes the address won't even match the actual legal property description. A legal description is the written way of defining the property's location, boundaries, and any existing easements on the property. The 2nd and 8th legal subdivisions have been divided into halves (2 quarters). The legal description of real estate has to cover the parcel of land with accuracy and precision to be easily identified and located. Download the correct form, depending on the state in which the property is located and that state's requirements for correction deeds. Here is how to write a legal description of land. What is a Township and a Section? Most descriptions are tied to sections and are defined in aliquot parts. A section is: 1 square mile. Exceptions to a Legal Land Description Sections, Quarter Sections and/or Legal Subdivisions could have a Metes and Bounds, or a Railway or a Roadway crossing its surface. A legal description/land description is the method of locating or describing land in relation to the public land survey system, which was established by law in 1785, under the Articles of Confederation. lot & block system. The legal description starts with a landmark, which could be a point identified in the USGS Public Land Survey System. Namely, the accurate description of the property helps to ensure that the correct property is being transferred. 2. The second is a lot and block description. A free conversion service developed and hosted by Grid Atlas. It can also be obtained from a county recorder, tax assessor, or similar official. Common Types of Legal Descriptions: Subdivision Recorded plat, short plat, etc. Legal descriptions need to serve as precise locaters of the land . c. in each township section 7 is south of section 6. d. there are 36 sections in a township. Agents always order a Land Survey for closings to determine that legal description is correct and the boundaries close properly. Because the earth is round, some sections are less than the typical 640 acres. You can find the plat map for a subdivision at the same county office that you found your deed. A map that accompanies and delineates the written document is called a map exhibit. This description can be written in a few different forms depending on where the . The trial court ruled for the Department of Tax concluding Mehta's deed of trust legal description, which primarily was an assessor's parcel number, was an insufficient legal . The order of importance of conflicting elements. A legal description is used to describe the location of land in legal documents (for example, the deed to your land).
A Legal Description is a written description with the purpose of delineating a specific piece of real property, including Minerals. . In Georgia, they describe land identifying the county, district, and land lot, followed by a metes and bounds description of the property or referencing a visual depiction of the property in a plat of survey. It identifies specific parameters of the property, and is an essential component in sales contracts, deeds, and mortgages. A land survey would best be described as a: legal description of the land. It will usually be found on the document after a phrase similar to: "that certain piece or parcel of land described as follows." If you own property, you should have a copy of the deed from when you acquired the title. Link to code 7-11-1006 . A legal description/land description is the method of locating or describing land in relation to the public land survey system, which was established by law in 1785, under the Articles of Confederation. Examples of legal descriptions include fractional descriptions, lots of a subdivision, meets-and-bounds descriptions and course-and-distance descriptions. Reports for residential, commercial and other types of Real Estate properties include similar data fields. This is typically based on existing township grids and uses a combination of alphabetical abbreviations and numbers to locate the land. A section: is one mile square. Squares six miles long on each side form townships on land maps. The actual "land description" defines the description is based on information collected through a survey, the process by which boundaries are measured by calculating the dimensions and area to determine the exact . The method of describing land by degrees, feet and monuments is known as the: metes-and-bounds system. b. a parcel of land is 1/8 mile by 1/8 mile is 40 acres. There are several types of legal descriptions used to identify and thoroughly describe the property in question: The US Public Land Survey System The lot and block survey system (Subdivision) Metes and Bounds In reality, the "legal description" contains the "land description" within the legal document or order. Parcel 1: Lots 14 through 20, both inclusive, including all of the vacated alley adjacent to Lots 17 through 20, and 1/2 vacated alley adjacent to Lots 14, 15 and 16, except that part of Lot 14 taken for Porter Street and except the East part of said lots taken for widening 12th . Township is an area measured 6 miles x 6 miles Each Township is broken into 36 sections, each 1 mile x 1 mile 1 Section = 640 acres Section = 320 acres Section = 160 acres The description is legally sufficient if a competent surveyor can locate the parcel of land using that description. The datum plane used by Illinois surveyors is: Land is broken down into areas called townships. Default; Distance; Rating; Name (A - Z) Ad Keith's Transmission Service. Description of an otherwise square section broken up by a road, railway, or a body of water. Public Land Survey System (PLSS) 4. The key to locating a property is to read the legal description backwards. This legal description safeguards you in the event that there are any legal disputes that occur from a tenant or after a property is sold. A legal description identifies the property as unique and distinct from all other properties. If someone is interested in conveying property to another person, there needs to be a detailed way of describing the boundaries of the property. The Public Land Survey System (PLSS) is used in legal descriptions. A legal description is a written record of a piece of land containing information that clearly identifies it. Historical Context for Legal Descriptions Bankrate explains it. The "legal description" also defines the use, purpose, encumbrances, and timeframe (four-dimensional) of the tract(s) being described. This is the best way to avoid confusion and avoid litigation. Statutory purpose of a legal description: To clearly identify property boundaries, sufficiently for a surveyor to determine boundary locations on the ground. Each township is further divided into 36 one-mile-square sections of land. The legal description of a property is a real estate document that identifies the location of a particular parcel of land. 9. . 160 government lots c. 160 acres d. 640 acres. A legal property description is a way of identifying property to ensure complete and legal accuracy. Property Legal Description & Vesting Report This is a sample of a Property Legal Description & Vesting Report. Sectional Federal governmental subdivision of Sections/Townships/Ranges Donation Land Claim Boundaries predate the federal government subdivision into Sections, but are reflected in those subsequent federal government surveys Metes and Bounds Townships are for the most part 36 square miles or 6 miles square. Bounds 2. Land is broken down into areas called townships. The first is called a metes and bounds. Land is broken down into areas called townships. In this post we will show you how to read and understand parcel descriptions and legal descriptions of farm land. Figure 3. Fractional descriptions use a rectangular system, which the United Stages adopted in 1787, according to the American Bar Association. A legal description/land description is the method of locating or describing land in relation to the public land survey system, which was established by law in 1785, under the Articles of Confederation. August 10, 2017 by Mark Goodman Legal Descriptions 101: Types & Definitions A legal description is a formal description of real property that identifies the boundaries of an entire parcel. Lots: Since lots are not a standard size, another map or description would be needed to help determine the lot size and location. I have been wanting this kind of tool for a long time. Sample Sections Showing Rectangular Land Descriptions, Acreages and Distances The Best Way To Read Land Descriptions Is From The Rear Or Backwards To Interpret A Land Description - Locate The Area On Your Township Plat, land. A legal description can be used to help provide historical details for a specific piece of property and is also used in the assessment and taxation of real property. In this system, the legal description of 40 acres might be the northwest 1/4 of the southwest 1/4 of . A legal description describes where your property lies in relation to other properties. In the original survey marker pegs were set out on the quarter sections, and these survey stakes . This survey "sectionalized" land, dividing parcels into 640 acre squares called sections. Lot and Block (See Examples) There are Seven (7) types of legal descriptions You can not sell what you do not own! Strips 7. A rectangular survey uses latitude and longitude lines to divide land into 6-by-6-mile townships . All deeds in the property's chain of title should have an identical legal description. LEGAL DESCRIPTIONS Some that work: 23.15 acres of land, more or less, out of the John Gunther Survey, Abstract . Latitudes are horizontal lines (e.g. A legal description/land description is the method of locating or describing land in relation to the public land survey system, which was established by law in 1785, under the Articles of Confederation. The legal description of land, or a parcel of land, is the exact location of the parcel of land according to an established system.The description is legally sufficient if a competent surveyor can locate the parcel of land using that description. Examine the legal description of properties, you may start to realize some differences emerge in how they are written.
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